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The likelihood of dying from a serious injury resulting from a road traffic crash is high in Cambodia. According to RCVIS 2009 data, 44% of road crash victims take more than two hours to reach a medical facility. Thus, many people are dying needlessly because of the insufficient first aid at the scene, slow transport to a hospital, and not enough medical help at the hospital.
The key principle is to provide initial stabilization of the injured party during the golden hour (i.e. the first hour after injury). Thus, a key priority in Cambodia is first aid trainings to first responders such as traffic police or community volunteers. The Ministry of Health is also seeking to develop and strengthen national emergency medical services which would involve first aid, transport, capacity of hospitals, mechanisms to manage the system and integrated information systems. Physical rehabilitation of the victim post-crash will also become a feature in the Plan.